When choosing to install CCTV in your home, there are a number of factors you should consider to make sure the installation is right for you and your needs, including the type of camera, footage and location.
In our latest blog, the Home CCTV Services Installation Team offer their insight into how to choose the right installation for your needs and home. We hope it helps clear a few things up, helping you find the ideal CCTV system for you and your home.
What Are the Types of CCTV Cameras?
There are a number of different CCTV cameras available so understanding the options, features and benefits is important to know before installing your CCTV system.
Here are the types of CCTV camera available:
Dome CCTV Cameras
Dome CCTV cameras are encased in dome-shaped housing which makes them suitable for both inside and outside your home. When placed outside, the dome helps to protect the camera from the elements and from vandalism.
One of the biggest advantages of dome CCTV cameras is the dome encasing which helps to conceal the direction in which the surveillance camera is pointing in. This can act as a deterrent and creates uncertainty for thieves, intruders or vandals who can be approaching from any direction.
Bullet CCTV Cameras
Bullet CCTV cameras are perfect for covering long distances such as a back garden. These are one of the most common types of CCTV camera and can be installed both indoors and outdoors. Their distinctive look provides a visible deterrent to intruders and thieves.
Bullet CCTV cameras are installed within a protective casing to protect them from dust, dirt and weather conditions. Once the camera has been installed, it can be easily adjusted to monitor the area you want to cover.
C-Mount CCTV Cameras
If you want to adapt the field of vision on your CCTV camera, a C-Mount camera is the best option. These cameras have detachable lenses that can be switched around to monitor a variety of distances. Other CCTV cameras can only cover distances of 35-40ft but a C-Mount camera can be adapted to cover distances of 40ft and over.
The bulk and size of a C-Mount camera also makes it extremely noticeable which is a huge deterrent.
PTZ Pan Tilt & Zoom Cameras
Pan, Tilt and Zoom cameras allow you to move the camera left or right, up or down and zoom in closer or further away using a remote control. This allows you to get a better view of subjects you’re looking to capture and provides a 360 degree surveillance of a large area.
The ability to control the camera remotely means it does not need to be remounted or moved to alter the field of vision in the same way as a dome camera.
Day/Night CCTV Cameras
Day/Night CCTV cameras are designed to operate effectively in both normal and poorly lit environments. These cameras will provide clear images despite changing light conditions and are not affected by glare, poor lighting or direct sunlight.
Infrared/Night Vision CCTV Cameras
Infrared/Night vision CCTV cameras utilise Infrared technology to work at their best in dark conditions. These cameras tend to cost more than Day/Night CCTV cameras and should be installed when recording at night is essential for your home.
However, despite being optimised to work at night, these cameras are also able to provide clear images in daylight conditions.
Network/IP CCTV Cameras
Network/IP CCTV cameras operate in the same way as a webcam and share the images recorded over the internet which means the footage can be easily accessed anywhere. This makes them perfect for domestic settings because you can monitor the footage while you’re away from home.
These cameras can be connected wirelessly through Wi-Fi and allows you to access footage and control the camera remotely. They are also suitable for indoors and outdoors and will operate effectively during the day and at night.
Wireless CCTV Cameras
Wireless CCTV cameras do not require connection to the mains power so they require much less installation time than other types of CCTV camera. Once installed, they can be easily moved or adjusted to cover a different area. The images captured are shared via the internet so footage can be accessed and viewed easily from anywhere.
Choosing The Right Footage
The type of footage you wish to capture through your CCTV system will have an influence on the type of camera you install. Each type of camera has different capabilities so this is something you should consider.
HD Footage & Streaming
Different types of CCTV cameras will provide differing qualities of footage and streaming. However, most cameras can offer resolution from 720p up to 4k which will allow you to capture high quality footage. This is crucial for identifying criminals in the event of theft, vandalism or a break in.
Night Vision CCTV Cameras
Most CCTV cameras have some level of night vision but Infrared and Day/Night cameras are specifically designed to capture high-quality images in low-light conditions. If you’re looking for security late at night, this is the type of footage you should be considering.
Most CCTV cameras are now fitted with an internal hard drive which records your footage. Without this functionality, you’re only able to watch live footage from your cameras. When buying a CCTV camera, it’s important to check how the footage will be recorded and the ways in which you will be able to access it.
Installing CCTV: Things to Think About
Aside from the type of camera and footage you’re looking for, there are a number of other factors you should consider before installing CCTV in your home:
The location for your CCTV camera or cameras is extremely important. If they’re not placed in the right location, it can render them fairly useless.
A key tip, whether you’re installing cameras inside or outside, is to focus on the specific areas or weak spots where intruders may be able to break into your home. These areas include:
- Front and back doors
- Side doors
- Back gardens
- Off-street windows
When placed outside, as well as capturing intruders on camera, the camera itself can act as a huge deterrent. On the other hand, cameras placed inside will capture intruders entering your home but they will not act as a visual deterrent as thieves will not see them until they have entered your home.
Neighbours & Privacy
When installing cameras outside your home, you must comply with UK privacy laws. If your cameras are pointed at your own property and do not cover your neighbour’s property or public spaces, you don’t have to worry about data protection laws.
However, if they do cover more than your own private property, this is allowed but you will have to abide by data protection laws. This means you can capture the images but you must be able to show that you’re complying with the law and protecting the data of the people whose images you are capturing.
We would always advise that you speak to your neighbours if you’re looking to install CCTV in your home and want to cover a larger area than your own private property.
Covert or Overt
Finally, you should consider whether to make your CCTV cameras visible or not. Visible cameras are great deterrents for potential thieves but they can also invite vandalism from those who are intent on getting into your property. You can add heavy-duty hardware to your camera to prevent this from happening or, some homeowners decide to install a fake decoy camera to act as a deterrent and back it up with a real one that’s more concealed.
When choosing CCTV systems for your home, there are a variety of things to take into consideration to make sure the system is right for your needs. Understanding the types of camera, footage, location and privacy laws that you need to take into account will help you to choose a system that covers everything you need.
We hope these tips provide clarification on how to choose the right CCTV installation for your home.
If you would like any more advice, please don’t hesitate to contact our team. We’re always happy to help!